Invasive Ductal Carcinoma: Diagnosis, Treatment, and More
Invasive ductal carcinoma (IDC) is the most common type of breast cancer. About 80% of all breast cancers are invasive ductal carcinomas. At first, invasive ductal carcinoma may not cause any symptoms. Often, an abnormal area turns up on a screening mammogram. Learn more about invasive ductal carcinoma.
Pathology Outlines - Gallbladder
This website is intended for pathologists and laboratory personnel, who understand that medical information is imperfect and must be interpreted using reasonable medical judgment.
Nivolumab versus Everolimus in Advanced Renal-Cell ...
BackgroundNivolumab, a programmed death 1 (PD-1) checkpoint inhibitor, was associated with encouraging overall survival in uncontrolled studies involving previously treated patients with advanced renal-cell carcinoma. This randomized, open-label, phase 3 study compared nivolumab with everolimus in patients with renal-cell carcinoma who had received previous treatment.
Renal cell carcinoma - Wikipedia
Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is a kidney cancer that originates in the lining of the proximal convoluted tubule, a part of the very small tubes in the kidney that transport primary urine.RCC is the most common type of kidney cancer in adults, responsible for approximately 90–95% of cases. Initial treatment is most commonly either partial or complete removal of the affected kidney(s).
Upper Urinary Tract Urothelial Cell Carcinoma | Uroweb
1. INTRODUCTION 1.1. Aim and objectives. The European Association of Urology (EAU) Non-muscle-invasive Bladder Cancer (NMIBC) Guidelines Panel has compiled these clinical guidelines to provide urologists with evidence-based information and recommendations for the management of urothelial carcinoma of the upper urinary tract (UTUC).
INTRODUCTION — Carcinoma in situ of the breast represents a heterogeneous group of neoplastic lesions confined to the breast ducts (ductal carcinoma in situ [DCIS]) and lobules (lobular carcinoma in situ [LCIS]). The diagnosis of DCIS increased dramatically following the introduction of screening mammography, and now comprises approximately 25 percent of all newly diagnosed breast cancers.
INTRODUCTION. Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a primary tumor of the liver that usually develops in the setting of chronic liver disease, particularly in patients with chronic hepatitis B and C.
Pathology Outlines - Urothelial carcinoma of renal pelvis
Kidney tumor - Urothelial carcinoma of renal pelvis. 53 year old woman with IgG4 related kidney disease from the renal pelvis that mimicked urothelial carcinoma (BMC Urol 2015;15:44) 56 year old man with testicular metastasis (Case Rep Urol 2014;2014:759858) 60 year old man with urothelial carcinoma of the renal pelvis with choriocarcinomatous features (Hum Pathol 2002;33:1234)
Squamous Cell Carcinoma and Actinic Keratosis Causes Dry ...
Do you have a spot of skin that is dry and scaly? And is this patch dark and flat? These rough feeling skin spots, usually appearing only after years of sun exposure, are called actinic keratosis.
PD-1 Blockade with Pembrolizumab in Advanced Merkel-Cell ...
Merkel-cell carcinoma is an aggressive skin cancer that is linked to exposure to ultraviolet light and the Merkel-cell polyomavirus (MCPyV). Advanced Merkel-cell carcinoma often responds to chemotherapy, but responses are transient. Blocking the programmed death 1 (PD-1) immune inhibitory pathway is ...